guitar Six-stringed with long, fretted neck which can be plucked with the fingers or with a plectrum, larger body than the octavina with round sound hole, the guitar (guitarra) plays the accompaniments, plays melodies and counterparts, and provides the permanent rhythm for the group using chordal and arpeggio accompaniments. This instrument brought into the Philippines by the Spaniards have inspired the development of the rondalla in the country. Filipino ingenuity produced several other instruments modeled after the guitar which soon joined it in musical group which develped into the rondalla.


Scale length: 25 5/8 in. (distance from the nut to the bridge)
Tuning head length: 6 13/16 in.
Tuning head width: 2 5/8 - 2 7/8 in.
Fingerboard length: 25 1/2 in.
Fingerboard width:
   at Nut: 2 in.
   at last Fret: 2 5/8 in.
   Total: 19
   Clear of body joint: 12 (usually marked with double dots)
Total length : 39 in.
Body length: 18 3/4in.
Body width @upper bout: 11 5/16 in.
Body width @lower bout: 15 1/8 in.
Sound hole - round: 3 3/8 in.
Rim depth: 3 13/16 in.
Bridge width: 3 1/8 in.
Bridge height: 5/8 in.
Bracing: Parallel
No. of Strings: 6
String gauges:
1st course (1 string) E
nylon: .013 in.
2nd course (1 string) B
nylon: .017 in.
3rd course (1string) G
nylon: .026 in.
4th course (1 string) D
copper-wound steel: .036 in.
5th course (1 string) A
copper-wound steel: .046 in.
6th course (1 string) E
copper-wound steel: .058in.